The Office of Scientific Investigation and Research

Psychological Assessments: Investigating the Paranormal

This phase is performed only by the team's psychologist, with additional assistance by the team's psychiatrist. It would include the following processes in the following mandatory order.

1. Standard oral and written Psych and psychiatric evaluations are employed in conjunction with basic behavioral observations such as:

2. Digitally Enhanced Polygraph (DEP) Testing

3. Regressive Hypnosis

The following tests and examinations are a few of the stets and examinations used by the Psychologist and Psychiatrist in the evaluating process of the subjects:

MMPI (Minnesota Multi-Phasic Inventory)

Definition: To evaluate adolescents and adults for mental, behavioral, or emotional difficulty.

Purpose: To study ages 18 and over and a separate MMPI for adolescents 12-18 years of age. It scores hypochondria's, depression, hysteria, psychopathic deviate, masculinity and femininity, paranoia, psychotic schizophrenia, hypo mania, social introversion, question, lie, validity, test taking attitude.

How its given: Oral and written with the children. There are two parts to this evaluation. The first consists of more of a consultation basis with the client explaining test results in empathic, non technical language. The second part is addressed directly to the client, It notes the client's approach to the test and lists a number of statements describing his or her predominant thoughts, feelings and concerns. The client reads these statements and indicates, on a 5-point response scale, the degree to which each applies.

SPTS (Symonds Picture Story Test)

Definition: This Picture Story Test is a projective technique designed for the study of the personality of adolescent boys and girls.

Purpose: The Picture Story method serves as a rapid method for studying the psycho dynamics (drives, frustrations, anxieties, conflicts and methods of dealing with these processes) of an individual and the relationships of an individual with others close to him, particularly members of his family method may also be used for studying attitudes and sentiments. This method helps the boy or girl secure release from repressed and hitherto unexpressed emotions and to gain insight concerning them.

How it's given: Oral and drawings with the clinician. These techniques present the subject with certain stimuli, such as pictures, preferably relatively unstructured and permit him free expression. By showing the subject a picture the boy or girl tells stories stimulated by the picture and according to theory, or more characters in the story will possess qualities and personality trends which correspond to underlying wishes impulses and attitudes of the subject. This is a disguised test. The subject is told that he is being tested for his creative imagination and since he is frequently asked to compose stories as a part of the regular work in his English class he does mot suspect that the stories are being used as a throwback to study his personality.

The Rorschach Method

An alternative to the SPST, which is just like the SPST, is the Rorschach method. This method excels in providing information concerning the structure of personality through the study of formal factors in the responses to the Rorschach plates. Formal factors are also present in the stories which are obtained form the picture story method but the picture-story method is valued principally for it's revelation of the fantasies of a subject.

TSCS (Tennessee Self-Concept Scale)

Definition: Designed for individuals 12 and older, the TSCS gives you a multidimensional description of self-concept. This test can be used with virtually anyone-from healthy individuals to psychotic patients.

Purpose: This profile plots the clients scores in relation to four norm groups: well-integrated, normal, depressed and acting out. It is designed to recognize identity behavior self-satisfaction, moral-ethical self, personal self, family self, physical self and social self.

How it's given: Written - the test is composed of 100 descriptive statements written at a fourth grade level.

ISI (Interpersonal Style Inventory)

Definition: A carefully constructed and easily administered personality test distinguished by its specific focus on interpersonal functioning. An indication of the way an individual relates to others.

Purpose: Designed for normal individuals, 14 years and older, the ISI Assesses interpersonal functioning and is used in high school and college counseling, marriage and family therapy and personal assessment and selection.

CPI (California Psychological Inventory)

Definition: For personality assessments.

Purpose: Intended primarily for use with :normal" (non-psychiatrically disturbed) subjects. It is addressed principally to personality characteristics important for social living and social interactions.

How it's given: Written - high and low judgments of self.

STAI (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory)

Definition: STAI is comprised of separate self-report scales for measuring two distinct anxiety concepts: state anxiety (A-state) and trait anxiety (A-trait).

Trait Anxiety - implies differences between people in the disposition to respond to stressful situations. Helps to determine high school and college anxiety proneness and for evaluating the extent to which students who seek counseling and guidance services are troubled by neurotic anxiety problems. Stable.

State Anxiety - evaluates feelings of tension, nervousness, worry and apprehension. Transitory. May vary in intensity and fluctuate over time.

Purpose: Originally developed as a research instrument for investigating anxiety phenomena in "normal" (non-psychiatrically disturbed) adults, the STAI has also been found to be useful in the measurement of anxiety in junior and senior school students, and in neuropsychiatric, medical and surgical patients.

How its given: Oral and written - The A-Trait consists of 20 statements that ask people to describe how they generally feel. The A-State also consists of 20 statements, but the instructions require subjects to indicate how they feel at a particular moment in time.

Psychodiagnostics

Definition: A behavioral assessment (including intelligence, personality and varied psychometrics).

Purpose: Deals with the basic hypotheses for diagnosis and evaluation of behavior using psychological tests and diagnostic interviews such as the Wechsler Scales, Bender Gestal, Rorschach, projective drawings and others.

EPI (Emotions Profile Index)

Definition: Personality Test

Purpose: Provides information about various basic traits and conflicts. Measures timid vs. aggressive trustful vs. distrustful, controlled vs. dyscontrolled and gregarious vs. depressed. Designed for adolescents and adults and special groups.

How its given: Written - contains 62 forced choice items; the subject chooses which of the two paired words best describes himself or herself.

How its given: Written - contains 62 forced choice items; the subject chooses which of the two paired words best describes himself or herself.

H-T-P (House-Tree-Person)

Definition: A projective drawing technique to assess personality.

Purpose: To assess personality in individuals who are culturally different, educationally deprived, developmentally disabled or non-English-speaking.

How its given: Can be administered to anyone over the age of three. The subject produces three drawings; a house, a tree and a person. Then he or she is given the opportunity to describe, define and interpret these drawings. It Could be given to one person of a group at a time.

The Hand Test

Definition: A projective technique widely used to measure action tendencies particularly acting-out and aggressive behavior in adults and children. Measures reactions that are close to the surface and likely to be expressed in overt behavior. It differentiates various clinical groups and helps predict acting-out, aggression and other kinds of problem behavior.

Purpose: To evaluate how he of she interacts with others and the environment. The qualitative-reflection of feelings and motivations. This test can be used with anyone old enough to verbalize a response. For normal adults and for adults that suffer from: alcoholism, mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, schizophrenia, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, affective disorders, somatoform disorders, histrionic personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder and other personality disorders.

How its given: Through drawings. The subject is shown ten pictures cards, one at a time. The client's task is to explain what each hand is doing.

BORRTI (Bell Object Relations and Reality Test Inventory)

Definition: The BORRTI identifies clients with Borderline Personality Disorder.

Purpose: To evaluate adults with character and thought disorders and psychosis. To accurately identify internal and external reality.

How its given: A written self report questionnaire.

Malingering Probability Scale

Definition: To assess the possibility of malingering.

Purpose: To determine the likelihood that an individual is exaggerating claims of mental illness.

How its given: Written - composed of simple true/false questions completed in 30 mins.

OSIQ-R (Offer Self-Image Questionnaire for Adolescents-Revised)

Definition: A self report inventory measures adjustment and self-image in adolescents from 13-19 years of age.

Purpose: To get an accurate picture of how teenagers think and feel about themselves. For normal and troubles teenagers. OSIQ-R profiles four various groups, including adolescents with single-episode and recurring depression, those at risk of suicide, delinquent youths and teenagers with eating disorders.

How its given: Composed of 129 simple statements in the areas of: impulse, control, family functioning, emotional tone, self confidence, body image, vocational attitudes, social functioning, ethical values, self reliance, mental health, sexuality and idealism. The adolescent simply indicates how well each statement describes.

PHCSCS (Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale)

Definition: To evaluate the psychological health of children and adolescents.

Purpose: To give you a detailed interpretive report that profiles the child's strengths and weaknesses. To assess self-concept in individuals 8-18 years of age. Used in clinical settings to determine specific areas of conflict, typical coping and defense mechanisms and appropriate intervention techniques. Also used as quick comprehension test.

How its given: The items are simple descriptive statements written at a third-grade reading level. Children indicate whether each item applies.

TABC (The Temperment Assessment Battery for Children)

Definition: To measure social-emotional functioning.

Purpose: To assess various dimensions of temperament such as: activity, adaptability, approach/withdrawal, emotion intensity, distractibility, persistence. This test is also particularly useful in providing feedback to parents. For children ages 3-7 years old.

How its given: The parent and teacher forms each consist of 48 items describing children's behavior at home and at school. The parent or teacher rates the child on each item, using a 7-point response scale to indicate how often the behavior in question occurs.

SPS (Suicide Probability Scale)

Definition: To measure suicide risks in adults and adolescents.

Purpose: To give clinicians a raped, accurate and empirically validated measure of suicide for clients over the age of 13.

How its given: the scale is composed of 36 items that describe particular feelings and behaviors. The respondent indicates how often each statement applies to him or her. (The test does not mention suicide at all.) SPS also provides four subscales to be determined: hopelessness, suicide ideation, negative self-evaluation and hostility.

MDI (Multiscore Depression Inventory for Adolescents and Adults)

Definition: Measures not only the severity, but also the specific aspects of depression. In addition, it detects subtle variations in milder forms of depression.

Purpose: This test indicates the respondent's overall depression and low energy level, cognitive difficulty, guilt, low self-esteem, social introversion, pessimism, irritability, sad mood, instrumental helplessness, learned helplessness. It is useful with normal individuals.

CDI (Childrens Sepression Inventory)

Definition: To measure cognitive, affective and behavioral signs of depression.

Purpose: to measure symptoms of negative mood, interpersonal problems ineffectiveness, anhedonia, negative self esteem in school age children and adolescents. It is a good measure of symptom severity and is sensitive to changes in depression over time.

How its given: The test includes 27 items, each composed of three choices. The child simply marks the choice that best describes his or her feelings of behavior over the past 2 weeks.

EMAS (Endler Multidimensional Anxiety Scales)

Definition: Measures anxiety. There are three scales to measure anxiety:

EMAS-State measures state anxiety - the individual's actual transitory anxiety response. It assesses both physiological and cognitive responses.

EMAS-Trait measures the individual's predisposition to experience anxiety in four different types of situations: socially-evaluative, physically dangerous, new or ambiguous and routine.

EMAS-Perception evaluates the individual's perception of the type and intensity of threat in the immediate situation.

Purpose: To assess and predict anxiety across situations. they can be used with a wide range of people including adolescents, adults, clinical patients, the elderly and anyone who reads as an eight grade level or higher. To also evaluate and treat phobias, panic attacks, generalized anxiety disorder, test anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder.

How its given: Questionnaire.

PEI (Personal Experience Inventory)

Definition: To identify, refer and treat teenagers with drug and alcohol problems.

Purpose: To assess both chemical involvement and related psychosocial problems. Specifically for adolescents with chemical involvement for 12-18 years old. It identifies personal risk factors that may precipitate of sustain substance abuse, covering: problem severity, psychosocial, drug use, frequency, duration and age of onset and problem screens.

ADI

Definition: To assess Psychoactive substance use disorders.

Purpose: To evaluate psychosocial stresses, school and interpersonal functioning and cognitive impairment among 12-18 year olds. It also screens for specific problems commonly associated with substance abuse.

How its given: A series of yes or no questions.

ME (Manson Evaluation-Revised)

Definition: Identifies maladjusted individuals: alcoholics, inadequates and the immature.

Purpose: It measures anxiety, depressive fluctuations, emotional sensitivity, resentfulness, incompleteness, aloneness and interpersonal relations. Also used for alcohol abuse proneness.

EDI-2 (Eating Disorder Inventory-2)

Definition: To measure the psychological and behavioral dimensions of anorexia nervosa and bulimia.

Purpose: To assess traits that are fundamental to the development of eating disorders. To screen individuals who are likely to be preoccupied with their weight.

How its given: Can be administered to a group or individually to as young as 11 years.

MSI (Marital Satisfaction Inventory)

Definition: To identify the nature and extent of conflict within a marriage or relationship.

Purpose: To indicate the differences in the perceptions of the relationship.

How its given: The husband and wife each respond to 280 true/false items.

Family Apperception Test

Definition: It elicits projective associations about family process and structure and specific family relationships.

Purpose: To identify obvious conflict, conflict resolution, limit setting, quality of relationships, boundaries, dysfunctional circularity, abuse, unusual responses, refusals and emotional tone.

How its given: 21 stimulus cards which depict common family activities, constellations and situations are shown one at a time.

PSI (Parenting Stress Index)

Definition: Screens for stress in the parent-child relationship.

Purpose: To identify the dysfunctional parenting and predict the potential for parental behavior problems and child adjustment difficulties within the family system. Also used in programs aimed at early identification and prevention of family problems. Helps in assessing child abuse and completing forensic evaluations for child custody.

How its given: Main focus on the preschool child, but also used for up to 12 years. A questionnaire with 101 items.

Ross Test of Higher Cognitive Processes

Definition: Measures higher-level cognitive skills, such as abstract and critical thinking.

Purpose: This is excellent for screening and selecting students for special and gifted programs. For normal and gifted children in grades 4-6.

How its given: It contains 105 multiple choice items.

TONI-2 (Test of Nonverbal Intelligence-2)

Definition: A language-free measure of cognitive ability.

Purpose: To assess individuals aged 5-0 and 85-11 years.

How its given: It is untimed and requires about 15 minutes to administer. The test taker merely points to the appropriate response. Is highly reliable with normals as well as the retarded, learning disabled and the deaf.

Psychotic Inpatient Profile

Definition: An objective and quantitative measure of 12 syndromes of observable psychotic behavior.

Purpose: To Assess psychotic behaviors such as excitement, care needed, hostile belligerence, psychotic disorganization, paranoid projection, grandiosity, anxious depression, perceptual distortion, retardation, depressive mood, seclusiveness, disorientation.

How its given: It contains 96 questions about specific behaviors ranging from "not at all" to "nearly always." The nurse of psychiatric aide indicates how often each behavior is observed. For men and women, both drug free and drug treated.

MDQ (Menstrual Distress Questionnaire)

Definition: For measuring the symptoms associated with premenstrual and menstrual distress.

Purpose: to identify those suffering from menstrual distress and the severity of their premenstrual symptoms.

How its given: A questionnaire the subject fills out.

GHQ (General Health Questionnaire)

Definition: To detect non psychotic disorders in community settings.

Purpose: To determine how well clients or patients are functioning, and to screen for acute problems and in identifying and documenting changes in an individual's condition.

How its given: A questionnaire.

LNNB (Luria-Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery)

Definition: To measure neuropsychological functioning.

Purpose: The diagnosis of cognitive deficits, including materialization and localization of focal brain impairments. Also to detect very specific problems, as well as mild impairment that might otherwise go unnoticed. Designed for individuals ages 15 and older.

SDMT (Symbol Digit Modalities Test)

Definition: Detects cognitive impairment.

Purpose: To detect not only brain damage, but also changes in cognitive functioning over time and in response to treatment. Widely used to assess individuals with head injuries, strikes, brain tumors, reading difficulties, learning disorders, Alzheimer's disease, aphasia, neurotoxicity, alcoholism, cerebral anoxia, huntington's disease, virus, bacterial and other cerebral infections, pre-peri and early postnatal insults.

How its given: The examinee has 90 seconds to pair specific numbers with given geometric figures. It can be written or oral.

DTVP-2 (Developmental Test of Visual Perception: Second Edition)

Definition: To measure visual perception and visual motor integration skill in children.

Purpose: To target children who are at risk for visual and perceptual problems and verifying program effectiveness and providing evidence of possible organic impairment.

TCU (Test of Concept Utilization)

Definition: To provide qualitative and quantitative assessments n five areas of conceptual thinking: color, shape relational function, homogeneous function and abstract function.

Purpose: Provided for ages 5-18 to identify a child's conceptual strengths.

How its given: 50 pairs of colored pictures of common objects are shown. The subject indicates how the pictures each pair are alike or how they go together.

Walker Problem Behavior Identification Checklist

Definition: To identify children with behavior problems.

Purpose: To evaluate and identify children with existing or potential behavioral difficulties in school. For children ages 2-6 and grades 1-6. To help determine; acting out, withdraw, distractibility, disturbed peer relations and immaturity.

How its given: The teacher reads 50 statements describing behavior that may interfere or actively compete with successful academic performance or school adjustment and then checks those that apply to the child being rated.

Conner's Rating Scales

Definition: To identify hyperactive children, and to assess a number of other symptoms and behavior problems.

Purpose: To determine conduct problem, inattentive passivity, hyperactivity.

How its given: The teacher rates the child on each item, choosing from four response options.

MAI (Motivation and Achievement Inventory)

Definition: To evaluate underachieving students or unmotivated employees.

Purpose: To get a complete picture of the personal factors that affect an individual's productivity. It measures achievement and motivation, interpersonal characteristics and work style and habits. Can be used for junior high, high school and college students.

How its given: Questionnaire.

Rivermead Perceptual Assessment Battery

Definition: To assess visual perceptual dysfunction.

Purpose: For older adolescents and adults ages 16-69. To determine visual perceptual ability. For normal and non-brain damages subjects.

How its given: Pictures

MKAS (Meyer-Kendall Assessment Survey)

Definition: To measure personal attitudes related to work performance.

Purpose: MKAS brings additional objectivity to new hire and promotion decisions. To assess personal functioning of dominance, determination, psychosomatic tendencies, stability, independence, people concern achievement motivation, anxiety. A conclusion about an applicants can complete.

How its given: The MKAS is composed of 105 yes/no items which applicants can complete.

In order to perform the most meticulous and thorough investigation of every circumstance, the O.S.I.R. utilizes only the most advanced technology available in the world today to analyze and monitor the environment, the subjects and the phenomena of element in question.

Every aspect of the environments and any applicable subjects are analyzed and monitored utilizing every possible known scientific method.

70% of the equipment utilized is derived from industrial, medical, military and general scientific industries. Some of this equipment must be appropriately modified to serve specific purposes, adhere to the strict controls and to withstand the various conditions.

Diagnostics are performed on all equipment before, during and after it's use and after each analysis and logging of data in order to confirm the accuracy, preciseness and veracity of the information.

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